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what role does cognitive dissonance play in equity theory

In addition, it was suggested that the application of Equity Theory is bounded to limited resource situations, whereby the rewards are subjected to the division between members of relations. Such situations do not take into consideration psychological unlimited rewards, which cannot be measured and divided (Romer, 1979). Equity refers to the perception of fairness in https://ecosoberhouse.com/ distribution of resources within social and workplace situations, taking into account the perceived abilities or contributions of the individuals involved. That is to say, an individual perceives equity according to normative expectations if he/she perceives the ratio of his/her inputs to his/her outcomes to be equal to his/her social referents (Adams, 1963, 1965).

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  • Having focused on CBT models of OCD up to this point, we propose that cognitive dissonance theory, arguably the most highly researched theory in social psychology, has clear relevance to obsessive-compulsive phenomena.
  • For instance, in English, dead animals prepared as food are referred to with terms originally introduced by French-speaking Normans such as pork (not pig), beef (not cow), and veal (not calf; Morton, 2004), and one could argue that they nowadays function as euphemism.
  • As mentioned, Equity Theory is a construct that draws its foundational principles from three key theories within the realms of social science and psychology.
  • In accordance with social exchange theory and reciprocity norms (Gouldner, 1960), we can posit that in their social exchanges, people appreciate fair treatment and develop norms about what is deemed as fair or unfair treatment (Pinder, 2008).

However, if you were paid only a couple of dollars, you might have more trouble justifying your lie, and feel less comfortable about doing so. Experiencing cognitive dissonance can lead people to try to reduce their feelings of discomfort —sometimes in surprising or unexpected ways. One key aspect of Equity Theory is the notion of «referent others,» which are individuals against whom a person compares themselves to assess fairness. These referent others can include coworkers, friends, or even fictional characters in the media.

Social Psychology, Theories of

what role does cognitive dissonance play in equity theory

Equity Theory embraced the prior knowledge under one umbrella to explain individuals’ motivation to perform a particular behaviour and individuals’ responses to relations. Beside the explanatory robustness, the goal of the theory was to be able to predict how individuals may behave by assessing the relative outcomes of relations (Walster, Berscheid & Walster, 1973). The concept of cognition was relatively new at the time of the introduction of cognitive dissonance theory. Before that, the relationship between human attitudes and behaviours was understood as a complex process that involved motivational, emotional, affective and perceptual factors (Krech, 2019; Rosenberg, 1966). Therefore, the theory was one of the breakthroughs for research in the psychology field as it revolutionised thinking about human psychological processes. More specifically, the theory explains how rewards affect attitudes and behaviours and how behaviours and motivations affect cognitions and perceptions (Harmon-Jones & Harmon-Jones, 2007).

Ways to Mitigate Cognitive Dissonance in Relationships

The concept of equity theory incorporates two key elements known as ‘referents’ and ‘moderating variables’. Like theories of attitudes and social perception, theories of self-perception emphasize coherence. Self-schema theory (Markus) describes few, core dimensions for efficiently organizing self-understanding.

what role does cognitive dissonance play in equity theory

5.3 Cognitive dissonance theory

what role does cognitive dissonance play in equity theory

Equity theory offers valuable insights into this aspect, focusing on how perceptions of fairness can significantly impact workplace enthusiasm and efficiency. This article delves into the history, fundamental cognitive dissonance and addiction principles, and components that make up this important theory. It also provides actionable strategies for managers to maintain a balanced and motivated workforce by applying equity theory.

Components of the equity theory of motivation

what role does cognitive dissonance play in equity theory

Control of: behavior, information, thought, emotion

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Understanding Ethical Dissonance

  • When individuals perceive inequity or unfairness in their romantic partnerships, it can strain the relationship and lead to discord.
  • If we put effort into a task that we have chosen to carry out, and the task turns out badly, we experience dissonance.
  • People’s core social motive to hold a coherent, socially shared understanding has inspired theories that account for various social cognitive processes.
  • Therapy analog studies by Heesaker, Petty, and Cacioppo (1983) have provided support for this general line of reasoning.

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