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Cognitive Dissonance In Psychology: Definition and Examples

The theory aims to provide insights into relational satisfaction based on the concept of perceived fairness. Identical modes of physiological arousal [38,57] and ACC activation [62,63,66,68] follow from a wide array of divergent inconsistencies that follow from equally unrelated expectations, whether they are ‘low-level’ or ‘high-level,’ ‘negative’ or ‘positive’ [39,58,59]. In the coming years, we …

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Equity Theory TheoryHub Academic theories reviews for research and T&L

In addition, it was suggested that the application of Equity Theory is bounded to limited resource situations, whereby the rewards are subjected to the division between members of relations. Such situations do not take into consideration psychological unlimited rewards, which cannot be measured and divided (Romer, 1979). Equity refers to the perception of fairness in …

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Impact of Alcohol Abuse on the Adaptive Immune System PMC

But drinking can weaken this system, leaving us vulnerable to infections and diseases. Even drinking a little too much (binge drinking) on occasion can set off a chain reaction that affects your well-being. Lowered inhibitions can lead to poor choices with lasting repercussions — like the end of a relationship, an accident or legal woes. …

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Moderate alcohol consumption and the immune system: a review

The alcohol-induced defects in dendritic cell function include reduced levels of CD80 and CD86 on the cells’ surface (which are necessary to induce activation of T-cells) as well as reduced production of IL-12, which is critical for stimulating naïve CD4+ T-cells to become IFN-γ–producing Th1 cells. The first line of host defense involves both structural …

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By the numbers: Americas alcohol-related health problems rising fast

Therefore, there is a pressing need for in depth studies that examine dose-dependent effects of chronic ethanol consumption on immunity in vivo to allow for the complex interactions between ethanol, its metabolites, HPA signaling, nutritional deficiencies, and the immune system. Decreased IL-2 and CCL5 levels provide insight into possible mechanisms of impaired T cell recruitment …

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